Ashe County, North Carolina Part of the American History & Genealogy Project
**Ashe County, North Carolina is in the north west part of the state. It is an
elevated table land, between Bald Mountain and Blue Ridge. It has an area of 840 square miles,
and is drained by the head waters of Great Kenawha and Holston rivers. The surface is rough, and
the soil moderately good.
There were in 1840, neat cattle, 13,611, sheep 16,522, swine 24,071; wheat 10,836 bushels
produced, rye 17,805, Indian corn 150,279, oats 108,505, potatoes 57,982, sugar 16,193 pounds,
wool 22,202; 8 stores with a capital of $48,000; 3 tanneries, 97 distilleries, 57 grist mills,
20 saw mills.
It had 2 schools with 58 scholars.
Population: 1830, 6,991; 1840, whites 6,911, slaves 497, free colored 59; total, 7,467.
**Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843
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